The European Commission will soon present the draft regulation aimed at regulating the technological, ethical, socio-economic and legal aspects of artificial intelligence.
The European Union will soon issue a first draft of a regulation on artificial intelligence. A first important signal of concrete commitment of the EU in identifying the opportunities and risks inherent in AI and in creating a basis of public trust for its potentially massive use in the years to come had already been given by the European Parliament, which in October 2020, after the establishment of a special committee specifically dedicated, had put forward three proposals.
To optimize the impact of AI on individuals, society and, therefore, the economy, as well as to achieve the EU’s coveted goal of “technology leadership” – as confessed in the 2020 White Paper on AI -, it is necessary to create a fertile environment first for research, and then for developers and businesses. In this regard, the European Commission has already announced its intention to increase private and public investment in artificial intelligence technologies to € 20 billion per year. This will make it possible to refine the draft document that will be presented next April 21, 2021, based on the definition of technological, ethical, socio-economic aspects related to AI and the related legal obligations.
It is still unclear which proposals of the European Parliament will be reported in the said draft, but certainly an element that for many is of primary importance is the concept of civil liability related to artificial intelligence, since on it would lay the foundations for building the trust of citizens and encouraging innovation by giving businesses legal certainty. Not only that, of importance is also the issue of developing effective systems for the protection of intellectual property rights, although the dilemma regarding who should be given intellectual property for products developed exclusively by AI will have to be resolved first.
Finally, the European Parliament has also presented guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence in the military and civilian fields. However, rapporteur Gilles Lebreton, a member of the Identity and Democracy parliamentary group, said that in areas such as the military, justice or health, “artificial intelligence must never replace or relieve humans of their responsibility.” This only confirms the importance, still held by many, of not excluding human oversight in such areas (and beyond).
On a similar topic, you may find interesting the article “The EU Parliament approves proposals to regulate artificial intelligence“.
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